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Fiat The history of
The charter of Società Anonima Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino or Fiat was signed in 1899. Giovanni Agnelli was the director company’s innovator. In 1900, the first Fiat factory opened in corso Dante, in Turin. In 1902, the driver Vincenzo Lancia won the Sassi-Superga uphill race, in the famous Fiat 24 hp model. Giovanni Agnelli, President of Fiat, represented the company on the racetrack, driving an 8 hp Fiat in the second Italian Car Tour and set a record in that race. In 1908, Fiat opened the Fiat Automobile Company in the US. The Company grew in leaps and bounds: at that time, a Fiat was a luxury item in America. Fiat continued to grow with trucks, trams, marine engines and commercial vehicles. Fiat began fitting its cars with electrical accumulators, and also patented the cardan transmission. It was to be the largest factory in Europe, with a unique five floors assembly line that finished with a futuristic test track constructed on the building's roof. During the World War Fiat devoted itself to supplying the Allied Forces with weapons, aircraft and vehicles. The Topolino was the smallest utilitarian car in the world and continued to be produced until 1955. The Tariffa Minima, better known as the Balilla, was very popular because of excellent gas mileage. The New 500 was released in 1957 and by 1960, the Giardinetta version was produced - a precursor of the Station Wagon. This was also the time when well-known models like the Fiat 1300, 1500 and 1800 were released.The 127 was the first Fiat to have front wheel drive and was named Car of the Year 1971. To keep Fiat on the path to automation of production, Robogate, a flexible robotic system for assembling bodywork was introduced to factories in 1978. In 1989, the Tipo was released as a small family hatchback. It had cutting edge technical solutions and marked a conquest for Fiat technology. It was very popular on the international market and was named 1989 Car of the Year. In the 90’s the Fiat Punto and the Fiat Coupé rolled off the assembly line, with the supermini Punto being named Car of the Year in 1995. In 2000 Fiat Doblò was introduced at the Paris Motor Show as both an informal car and a commercial vehicle. It was named 2006 International Van of the Year. Although 2003 saw the death of Gianni Agnelli after nearly 50 years of service, the year also The new Panda was released and almost immediately named Car of the Year for 2004. 2007 saw the Fiat 500 have stiffer suspension, wider fenders and a 150 hp turbo 4-cylinder engine that runs from zero to 60 in eight seconds. Fiat continues on the path of innovation and superior technology into the 21st century with a line of new engines and new models. In spite of the crisis, Fiat introduced new models: the Alfa 159, the Fiat Nuova 500 and La Grande Punto.