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Skoda The history of
The Škoda Works were established as an arms manufacturing plant in 1859. Škoda Auto is one of the five oldest companies producing cars and has an unbroken history alongside Daimler, Opel, Peugeot and Tatra.Škoda factories were founded in 1896 as a velocipede manufacturer. By 1905 the firm was manufacturing automobiles, the first model was the Voiturette A. It also started manufacturing cars in cooperation with Hispano-Suiza. An assembly line was used for production from 1930 onwards. In the same year a formal spin-off of the car manufacture into a new company, Akciová společnost pro automobilový průmysl or abbreviated ASAP, took place. A new design of chassis with backbone tube and all-around independent suspension was developed. During the occupation of Czechoslovakia in World War II the Škoda Works were turned into part of the Reichswerke Hermann Göring serving the German war effort by producing components for military terrain vehicles, military planes, other weapon components and cartridge cases. After the war it was separated from the parent company, Škoda Works. Škoda retained a good reputation until the 1960s, producing models such as the Škoda 440 Spartak, 445 Octavia, Felicia and Škoda 1000 MB. In late 1959 introduced the Škoda Felicia, a compact four-cylinder convertible coupe. Inthe ’80-s Rear-engined models such as the Škoda 105/120. Estelle and Rapid sold steadily and performed well against more modern makes in races such as the RAC Rally in the 1970s and 1980s. They won their class in the RAC rally for 17 years running. They were powered by a 130 brake horsepower (97 kW), 1,289 cubic centimetres (78.7 cu in) engine. In 1987 the Favorit was introduced, and was one of a triumvirate of compact Western-influenced front-wheel drive hatchbacks from the three main Eastern Bloc manufacturers around that time, the others being VAZ's Lada Samara and Zastava's Yugo Sana. In 1991 Volkswagen acquired 30% share of theŠkoda. In 2000 when the Fabia launched. At the 2010 Paris Motor Show in September 2010, the company unveiled the Octavia Green E Line. The final 1st-generation Octavia (Tour) was produced at the Mladá Boleslav plant in November 2010. In the same year, the company started production of the new Rapid model in Pune, India (October 2011). In 2012 Škoda introduced two new mass production models. The European version of the Rapid premiered at the Paris Motor Show. This car was a successor to the 1st-generation Octavia in terms of its price bracket. The second model was the 3rd-generation Octavia, which premiered In December 2012. In the same month, local production of the Yeti was launched at the Nizhny Novgorod GAZ factory. In 2012 Škoda introduced an emission-free fleet of Octavia Green E Line e-cars. In 2013 the Czech car maker launched the third-generation Octavia Combi and Octavia RS (both liftback and estate) as well as facelifted Superb and Superb Combi. In 2015 Škoda was voted the most dependable car brand in the UK. Škoda Auto is planning to manufacture a large, seven-seat SUV Škoda Kodiaq, which should be a true off-roader and will be introduced at the Paris Motor Show in October 2016. New Škoda corporate "Strategy 2025"", which replaces the previous ""Strategy 2018"", aims to start production of a fully electric vehicle in 2020 or 2021, after a plug-in hybrid Superb in 2019."