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Volkswagen The history of


Volkswagen was originally established in 1937 by the German Labour Front. In Germany the company Hanomag mass-produced the 2/10 PS "Komissbrot"", a small, cheap rear engined car, from 1925 to 1928. ""Volksauto"" from the ground up in 1933, using many of the ideas floating around at the time and several of his own, putting together a car with an air-cooled rear engine, torsion bar suspension, and a ""beetle"" shape, the front hood rounded for better aerodynamics (necessary as it had a small engine). Prototypes of the car called the ""KdF-Wagen"" (German: Kraft durch Freude – ""strength through joy""), appeared from 1938 onwards (the first cars had been produced in Stuttgart). The car already had its distinctive round shape and air-cooled, flat-four, rear-mounted engine.It was later renamed ""Volkswagenwerk GmbH"" on 16 September 1937. War changed production to military vehicles—the Type 82 Kübelwagen (""Bucket car"") utility vehicle (VW's most common wartime model), and the amphibious Schwimmwagen—manufactured for German forces. Volkswagen introduced the type 2 commercial vehicle (van, pick-up and camper), and the VW Karmann Ghia sports car. Volkswagens were first exhibited and sold in the United States in 1949. Production of the Type 1 Volkswagen Beetle increased dramatically over the years, the total reaching one million in 1955. 1972 the 15,007,034th Beetle was sold. Volkswagen could now claim the world production record for the most-produced, single make of car in history. By 1973, total production was over 16 million. VW expanded its product line in 1961 with the introduction of four Type 3 models (Karmann Ghia, Notchback, Fastback, and Variant) based on the new Type 3 mechanical underpinnings. In 1969 the larger Type 4 (411 and 412) models were introduced. In 1973, Volkswagen introduced the military-themed Type 181, or ""Trekker"" in Europe. In 1964, Volkswagen acquired Auto Union, and in 1969, NSU Motorenwerke AG (NSU). First in the series was the Volkswagen Passat (Dasher in the US), introduced in 1973, a fastback version of the Audi 80, using many identical body and mechanical parts. The Volkswagen Golf in 1974, marketed in the United States and Canada. In 1975, the Volkswagen Polo followed. Motor Trend named the GTI its Car of the Year for 1985. In 1991, Volkswagen launched the third-generation Golf, which was European Car of the Year for 1992. The company's evolution of its model range was continued with the Golf Mk4. In 1998 the company launched the new Lupo city car. In 1999 they announced the first ""3-litre"" car. The sixth-generation VW Golf was launched in 2008, came runner-up to the Opel/Vauxhall Insignia in the 2009 European Car of the Year. The sixth-generation Passat and the fifth-generation Jetta both debuted in 2005, and VW has announced plans to expand its lineup further by bringing back the Scirocco by 2008. ""Concept A"" concept vehicle introduced at the 2006 Geneva Auto Show, and on 20 July 2006, called the Tiguan. In 2008 introduced the Tiguan mid-sized SUV and a Passat Coupé. One of Car and Driver magazine's ""10 Best"" for 2007, Automobile Magazine's 2007 Car of the Year, as well as a 2008 Motor Trend comparison ranking the mid-size Passat first in its class. The Volkswagen Atlas (a large crossover SUV) begins production in late 2016."
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